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Aquatic fitness exercises

If you are currently just a land-dwelling primate, why not consider getting in touch with your “aquatic ape’? Some evolutionary theorists have speculated that based on our relatively hairless skin, large brain, and the layer of fat under our skin, that at one point Homo sapiens were heading in the direction of becoming aquatic-based “primate-dolphins.” While most scientists view this as pure science fiction, the core nugget of truth is that humans are still among the few primates that can swim. Why not take advantage of this unique feature of your body and add swimming to your exercise regimen? Your body will be glad you did.

The Aquatic Fitness Turbine

Swimming uses more muscles in your body than any other cardio-respiratory exercise. It is among the best full-body cardio workouts you can do. If you are looking for a time-efficient way to improve overall fitness and gain upper-body muscle strength and endurance, swimming is the answer.

Aesthetically, swimming creates excellent upper-body definition with strong but aerobically functional musculature; hence the “swimmer’s build” so many guys like to brag about.

Physiologically, swimming is the most efficient way to increase:

  • Stroke volume: The volume of blood pumped out of one ventricle of the heart in a single beat.
  • Tidal volume: The volume of air inhaled and exhaled at each breath.
  • Blood volume: The volume of oxygen-delivering red blood cells.

Combined, that means more efficient delivery of oxygen to the muscles of your body, which means killer cardio-respiratory fitness.

No Hurry, No Worry

If you’re new to the sport or haven’t swum in awhile, start slow and take time to build your aquatic endurance. Since most cardio exercises utilize the large muscle groups of the lower body, you may be shocked by the large oxygen debt created by working your upper body aerobically. Combine that with the double whammy of having your oxygen availability halved due to the fact your face is often underwater, and you’ll soon understand why you’re gasping for air after a few short laps.

The Relaxation Response

Remember to stay calm—anxiety is public enemy number one in the water. If you’re not sure of your ability, swim in an end lane for the first few visits to the pool. That way, if you do feel anxious, you can pull over to the side and hang onto the wall. Remember, in all “panicky” swim situations, the best thing to do is the breast stroke, tread water, or float on you back—or hang on to the lanes and take a break until the lifeguard helps you.

Use a Pull Buoy

A good way to starts swimming freestyle is to use a pull buoy between your thighs. You can usually find pull buoys in a big box on the pool deck at most pools. A pull buoy is a flotation device that many experienced swimmers use for pulling or stroke drills. Pull buoys provide resistance training by prohibiting the swimmer’s legs from kicking. Less-experienced swimmers will benefit from using pull buoys because they automatically adjust your body position by lifting your lower half, allowing you to conserve energy in your legs and focus on relaxed breathing. If you’re new to lap swimming, learning to breath naturally and feeling comfortable in the water should be your top priority.

Learn the Lap Lingo

Most pools are 25 yards long (the Olympic pools that Michael Phelps and friends compete in are 50 meters long). Many people assume, logically, that a “lap” would be out and back. Logic doesn’t apply here, because a “lap” in swimming is a one-way venture. For example, 600 yards would be 24 laps in a 25-yard pool—a great and achievable goal for your first few workouts.

Minute Minder

Get in the habit of using the large time clocks that most pools have running at the starting end of the pool. Swimmers usually “leave” (push off) on the top (60) or bottom (30) of the clock and structure workouts based on a “set.” The set is the number of yards you will do in a pre-set time, and how many times you will do it—the sooner you get back the more time you have to rest, and vice versa. For example, if you did a set of five 100-yard freestyle swims and allowed yourself three minutes to do each 100 yard drill, you might write “5X100 freestyle on 3:00” on your workout plan.

Simple Starter Workout

This 600-yard workout is a good place to start if you haven’t been in the pool in while:

  • Warm up: Do a 200-yard warm-up swim with freestyle stroke and a pull buoy between your legs.
  • Work out: Do 6X50 freestyle on 1:30. Adjust the time according to your swimming ability and fitness level.
  • Cool down: Swim a100-yard cool down with a pull buoy between your legs. Focus on breathing and stroke technique.

Once you have gotten comfortable in the water and your upper body has gained aerobic endurance, you can increase your yardage gradually. Increase by about 100 yards a week until you get to about 2,000 yards. Once you have 2,000 yards mastered, consider joining a team to get the many benefits of team training.